Tooth cavity is a serious problem which affects adults and children, and causes a lot of pain. Also, it is one of the most fundamental causes of tooth loss which may interfere in the outer appearance and personal beauty of a person. As a matter of fact, Cavities are one of the most uncomfortable oral disorder may ever happen to someone in their life time. Cavities can be prevented very easily with traditional methods, whereas treatment for cavities are very expensive than prevention. It is known that cavities can found thorough a physical examination of mouth. Cavities can impair quality of life with complexities such as eating and sleeping. These can also cause chronic systematic infection and pain. In case of untreated cavities and improperly treated cavities, it may lead to loss of tooth.
According to National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, 92% Adults aged between 20 to 64 years have dental caries in their permanent teeth. 20% of adults have untreated decays and approximately 5% of adults aged 20 to 64 have no teeth. White adults and their families with greater incomes and education have more decays. Apart from the current statistics, dental caries both treated and untreated have been declined from early 1970 until the most recent survey by the National Health and Nutrition Examination.
Treatments for Tooth Cavities:
There are several treatments that are available for cavities such as Fluoride treatment, Fillings, Crowns, Root canals, Tooth Extractions and so on.
- Fluoride Treatment:
If your cavity is in initial stage, a fluoride treatment may assist restore your tooth’s enamel and can even reverse a cavity in the early stages. Professional fluoride treatments contain more fluoride than the amount found in toothpaste and mouth rinses, tap water, etc. Fluoride treatments may be liquid, gel, varnish or foam that’s brushed onto your teeth or placed in a tiny tray that fills over your teeth.
Fillings are also known as restorations, which is the main treatment option when decay has moderated beyond the initial stage. Fillings are made of various materials, such as porcelain, tooth-colored composite resins or dental amalgam that is a combination of several materials.
For severe decay issue or weakened teeth, an individual may need a crown — a custom-fitted covering that replaces his or her teeth natural crown as a whole. A dental care professional or dentist drills away all the decayed area and enough of the rest of your tooth to make a good fit. Crowns may be made of resin, high strength porcelain, porcelain fused to metal or other materials gold.
- Root canals:
If decay reaches the internal part of tooth (pulp), it may require a root canal. This is a treatment to repair and save a severely damaged or infected tooth rather than of removing it. The diseased tooth pulp is moved out in most of the cases. Medication is often needed to put into the root canal to terminate any possible infection. Then the can be replaced by filling.
- Tooth extractions:
Some of the teeth become so badly decayed that they cannot be restored and should be removed. Having a tooth pulled can leave a gap that enables your other teeth to shift from its position. If possible, a bridge or a dental implant can replace removed tooth.
With increasing cases of cavities and other dental impairments Global dental composite fillings market is estimated to be driving forward with CAGR of 5% approximately till the year 2022. Comparatively, western countries are the potential markets for dental care owing to the awareness among the people. This is now spreading to the Asia Pacific and African countries, which offers lucrative potential for the dental clinics and dentists in the region. Technological advancements, awareness towards better oral care, researches in dental sciences and growing number of dentists or dental care professionals are expected to propel the market in forecasted years.